Icon dimensions

This tutorial is part of Iconify SVG Framework tutorial.

By default, icon height is set to "1em", icon width is changed dynamically based on the icon's width to height ratio.

This makes it easy to change icon size by changing font-size in the stylesheet or in style, just like icon fonts:

HTML:
<span class="iconify" data-icon="cil:locomotive"></span>
<span
   class="iconify"
   data-icon="cil:paper-plane"
   style="font-size: 36px;"
>
</span>
<span class="iconify big-icon" data-icon="cil:truck"></span>
Stylesheet:
.iconify {
   font-size: 24px;
   line-height: 1em;
}

.big-icon {
   font-size: 72px;
}
Demo:

data- attributes

You can also set dimensions by using data-width and data-height attributes. Then font-size will not have effect on icon, unless you set height in units that are relative to font-size, such as "em".

HTML:
<span class="iconify" data-icon="cil:locomotive" data-height="24"></span>
<span
   class="iconify"
   data-icon="cil:paper-plane"
   data-height="2em"
   style="font-size: 18px;"
>
</span>
<span class="iconify" data-icon="cil:truck" data-width="72"></span>
Demo:

In this example, first icon has height of 24px, second icon has height of 36px (2 * 18px), third icon has height 72px.

Setting only width or height

In examples above, all icons only use height.

What happens when only one dimension is set?

  • If width is not set, but height is set, width is calculated using icon's width/height ratio.
  • If height is not set, but width is set, height is calculated using icon's height/width ratio.
  • If no dimensions are set in attributes, height is set to "1em" and width is calculated using icon's width/height ratio. Then icon behaves like text and can be resized using font-size in stylesheet.

Example

Many icons are square. For such icons if you set one dimension, other dimension will have the same value.

However, there are many icons that are not square. For example, icons imported from icon fonts and Font Awesome.

This is data for fa-regular:address-book:

fa-regular:address-book
{
   "body": "<path d=\"M436 160c6.6 0 12-5.4 12-12v-40c0-6.6-5.4-12-12-12h-20V48c0-26.5-21.5-48-48-48H48C21.5 0 0 21.5 0 48v416c0 26.5 21.5 48 48 48h320c26.5 0 48-21.5 48-48v-48h20c6.6 0 12-5.4 12-12v-40c0-6.6-5.4-12-12-12h-20v-64h20c6.6 0 12-5.4 12-12v-40c0-6.6-5.4-12-12-12h-20v-64h20zm-68 304H48V48h320v416zM208 256c35.3 0 64-28.7 64-64s-28.7-64-64-64s-64 28.7-64 64s28.7 64 64 64zm-89.6 128h179.2c12.4 0 22.4-8.6 22.4-19.2v-19.2c0-31.8-30.1-57.6-67.2-57.6c-10.8 0-18.7 8-44.8 8c-26.9 0-33.4-8-44.8-8c-37.1 0-67.2 25.8-67.2 57.6v19.2c0 10.6 10 19.2 22.4 19.2z\" fill=\"currentColor\"/>",
   "width": 448,
   "height": 512
}
Icon size is 448 x 512

If you do not set any dimensions, height will be set to "1em" and width will be set to 448 / 512 = "0.875em". However, SVG Framework rounds up values that are too long, so actual width will be "0.88em":

<svg
   xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg"
   xmlns:xlink="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink"
   aria-hidden="true"
   focusable="false"
   role="img"
   class="iconify iconify--fa-regular"
   width="0.88em"
   height="1em"
   preserveAspectRatio="xMidYMid meet"
   viewBox="0 0 448 512"
   style="transform: rotate(360deg);"
>

   <path d="..." fill="currentColor"></path>
</svg>

If you set width to 56, but do not set height, height will be set to 56 * 512 / 448 = 64:

<svg width="56" height="64" ...>
   ...
</svg>

If you set both values: width to 56 and height to 128, values will be as you set them (also see "Alignment" section below):

<svg width="56" height="128" ...>
   ...
</svg>

Alignment

What if you set both width and height and its ratio doesn't match icon's width/height ratio?

For example, what will happen if icon is 24x24, but you set one dimension to 40 and other dimension to 24?

<span
   class="iconify"
   data-icon="jam:info"
   data-width="40"
   data-height="24"
>
</span>
<span
   class="iconify"
   data-icon="jam:info"
   data-width="24"
   data-height="40"
>
</span>
Using box-shadow to show icon dimensions

SVG do not behave like other images. When you set wrong width/height ratio for other image formats, images get stretched. When you do that for SVG, bounding box is changed and image is aligned inside that bounding box.

In an example above, one icon is too wide and other icon is too tall. Browser will move icons to centre instead of stretching icon.

Slice

Instead of adding space around icon to fit it in bounding box, browser can also cut parts of icon that do not fit.

To cut parts of icon, add data-align="slice" to icon:

<span
   class="iconify"
   data-icon="jam:info"
   data-width="40"
   data-height="24"
   data-align="slice"
>
</span>
<span
   class="iconify"
   data-icon="jam:info"
   data-width="24"
   data-height="40"
   data-align="slice"
>
</span>
Using box-shadow to show icon dimensions

Horizontal alignment

When...

  • icon is too wide...
  • icon is too tall and slice is enabled...

...you can align icon horizontally.

To align icon, you can add one of these 3 values to data-align attribute:

  • "left"
  • "center" (default)
  • "right"

Examples of aligning wide icon with slice disabled:

<span
   class="iconify"
   data-icon="jam:info"
   data-width="40"
   data-height="24"
   data-align="left"
>
</span>
<span
   class="iconify"
   data-icon="jam:info"
   data-width="40"
   data-height="24"
   data-align="center"
>
</span>
<span
   class="iconify"
   data-icon="jam:info"
   data-width="40"
   data-height="24"
   data-align="right"
>
</span>
Using box-shadow to show icon dimensions

Examples of aligning tall icon with slice enabled:

<span
   class="iconify"
   data-icon="jam:info"
   data-width="24"
   data-height="40"
   data-align="left,slice"
>
</span>
<span
   class="iconify"
   data-icon="jam:info"
   data-width="24"
   data-height="40"
   data-align="center,slice"
>
</span>
<span
   class="iconify"
   data-icon="jam:info"
   data-width="24"
   data-height="40"
   data-align="right,slice"
>
</span>
Using box-shadow to show icon dimensions

Vertical alignment

When...

  • icon is too tall...
  • icon is too wide and slice is enabled...

...you can align icon vertically.

To align icon, you can add one of these 3 values to data-align attribute:

  • "top"
  • "middle" (default)
  • "bottom"

Examples of aligning tall icon with slice disabled:

<span
   class="iconify"
   data-icon="jam:info"
   data-width="24"
   data-height="40"
   data-align="top"
>
</span>
<span
   class="iconify"
   data-icon="jam:info"
   data-width="24"
   data-height="40"
   data-align="middle"
>
</span>
<span
   class="iconify"
   data-icon="jam:info"
   data-width="24"
   data-height="40"
   data-align="bottom"
>
</span>
Using box-shadow to show icon dimensions

Examples of aligning wide icon with slice enabled:

<span
   class="iconify"
   data-icon="jam:info"
   data-width="40"
   data-height="24"
   data-align="top,slice"
>
</span>
<span
   class="iconify"
   data-icon="jam:info"
   data-width="40"
   data-height="24"
   data-align="middle,slice"
>
</span>
<span
   class="iconify"
   data-icon="jam:info"
   data-width="40"
   data-height="24"
   data-align="bottom,slice"
>
</span>
Using box-shadow to show icon dimensions

Vertical and horizontal alignment

You can add both horizontal and vertical alignment to icon.

One of alignments will have no effect. For example, if icon is too tall, horizontal alignment is ignored because icon is already aligned to both left and right sides.

<span
   class="iconify"
   data-icon="jam:info"
   data-width="40"
   data-height="24"
   data-align="left,top"
>
</span>
<span
   class="iconify"
   data-icon="jam:info"
   data-width="40"
   data-height="24"
   data-align="left,top,slice"
>
</span>
Using box-shadow to show icon dimensions